All behaviours serve a function. As a form of communication, it lets someone know what you are trying to communicate. More often than not, the participant requiring Positive Behaviour Support has a need not being met, which is why they often struggle to function within the broader community. Sometimes this also manifests as a non-behaviour. Our job here is to figure out the circumstances that draw out these behaviours, including every and all aspects of the participant’s environment, relationships, interactions, and any other symptoms or disorders (E.g. ASD and sensory issues). This is called assessment and observation, meaning that we assess and observe everything around the participant. Our goal is to figure out the nuances to their challenging behaviour so we can suggest strategies on the best ways to manage it. In sum, all Behaviour Support Plans (BSP) are different depending on each person!
Below, we’ve outlined step-by-step what PBS entails in practice.
At DMI, we emphasise that the Plan is a living document of Positive Behaviour Support. It is an ongoing, cyclical process without a time-limit, as tackling individual behaviours will never be one-size fits all. As tailored to the participant’s specific needs, it is vital that this process is collaborative. Without the co-operation of those around the participant, it will be difficult to gather enough understanding of the participant to provide the appropriate strategies best suited to them. We’re all in this together.